According to an Inequality Trends Report released by Stats SA, whites in South Africa still earn three times more than blacks on average.
Blacks who account for 80-percent of the population – earn an average of R6,899 per month, while the figure was R24,646 for whites. The wage gap between South Africa’s race groups widened more between 2011 and 2015.
Blacks also have the lowest levels of access to the internet and health insurance coverage, which means blacks are more likely to depend on public healthcare.
“Black Africans are generally more vulnerable to labour markets and unemployment is high among that population group,” said Statistician-general Risenga Maluleke.
The report also shows that blacks make up the bulk of the country’s jobless at over 46-percent with just under 10-percent of whites facing unemployment.
The report, which also studied poverty trends, found that households headed by blacks and “coloureds” were “chronically” poor. Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo, with large rural populations, have a larger share of chronically poor households.
“Individuals living in both male and female headed households recorded a decrease in their economic inequality across most measures between 2006 and 2015. Although, individuals living in male headed households had a bigger impact on influencing overall inequality as compared to those living in female headed households,” Maluleke said.
He said while economic inequality has decreased for Indians/Asians and whites, it remained fairly constant for coloureds and increased for black Africans.
The report also highlights the gender gap in South Africa, with women earning approximately 30% less on average, and were less likely to be employed. Furthermore, the figures show that once employed women are more likely to earn less than the average salary of men once employed. The gender gap varies by industry, with hotels and retail paying women far worse than industries such as transport and IT.
Men with limited education have better opportunities (construction, security, warehousing and transport) than women with limited education (hotels, supermarkets and restaurants).
The full report can be read here